For centuries, education in Vietnam took it’s origin from the Confucian system practiced in China. Young males studied classical Confucian texts when preparing when deciding to take civil service examinations. Those that passed the exams were entitled to positions within the bureaucracy. The French introduced Western schooling, although few students received training at night elementary level, and literacy rates were low. Major advances in education occurred as soon as the division of Vietnam in 1954. The South adopted a college degree system based on the U . s . model, which emphasizes the roll-out of an individual’s talents and skills. Its northern border introduced mass education and trained people for participation in a Communist society using the political theories of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.
After reunification in 1975 the Communist system used in the North was extended throughout the country, although technology training is as essential as teaching Communist ideology.
About 94 percent of the population aged 15 and over is literate. Education is compulsory for the children ages 6 to 14. The majority of children receive primary schooling. Fewer young Vietnamese be given a secondary education, however, partly since there is lack of adequate facilities, particularly in the mountainous areas. Moreover, some families can’t afford to deliver their kids to school, as even public schools impose student fees to help meet operating costs.
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